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仪器仪表行业整体看好
网址: 发布者:admin 发布时间: 阅读:3474

我国这几年的仪器仪表行业的整体在不断的发展,日前国家统计局发布的数据显示,1-10月,智能电表等仪器仪表制造业实现主营收入6074.7亿元,同比增长15.5%;主营活动利润435亿元,同比增长6.8%.尽管今年仪器仪表业走势相对良好,但是中国仪器仪表行业协会名誉理事长奚家成日前提醒说,绝大部分企业产销及利润持续保持两位数增长的时代已经过去,行业进入了少数企业发展较快,多数企业持平或低速增长,约20%企业亏损的新时期。
In China in recent years the instrumentation industry as a whole in the unceasing development, the National Bureau of statistics released recently data display, 1-10 month, smart meters and instrument manufacturing industry to achieve the main business income of 607470000000 yuan, a year-on-year growth of 15.5%; main business profit of 43500000000 yuan, a year-on-year increase of 6.8. Despite this instrumentation industry trend of relatively good, but China Instrument Industry Association honorary chairman Xi Jia Cheng ago reminds say, most of the enterprise sales and profits continue to maintain two digit growth of the era of the past, the industry entered a rapid development of enterprises, most enterprises of flat or low growth, the new period about 20% enterprise losses.
  在历经多年的高速发展之后,2008年起,受国际金融危机影响,我国仪器仪表行业订单量急剧减少。而从国家统计局近日公布的前10月工业数据看,仪器仪表制造业增长率居前。奚家成表示,这意味着,仪器仪表行业已从危机中恢复过来,进入缓慢回升期。
In 2008, after years of rapid development, the impact of the international financial crisis, China's instrumentation industry orders decreased sharply. From the October industry data released recently by National Bureau of statistics, instrument manufacturing industry growth rate among the top. Xi Jiacheng said, this means, instrumentation industry recover from the crisis, entered the slow recovery period.
  今年以来,仪器仪表行业增幅高于大部分制造业,主要得益于国家推进经济结构调整、支持科技进步、关注民生等有关政策措施的带动。具体来看,产销占全行业约40%的工业自动化仪表与控制系统因工业改造需求上升,其增幅高于全行业2个百分点;农林牧渔、教育、车用、医疗等仪器增幅均超过20%;电子、实验分析等科学仪器的增幅均接近20%.
Since this year, the instrumentation industry growth is higher than most of the manufacturing sector, mainly due to the adjustment of economic structure, support the advancement of science and technology, pay attention to people's livelihood and other relevant policies and measures to promote. The specific point of view, production and sales of industrial automation instrumentation and control system in the industry about 40% of the rise in demand for industrial transformation, the rate of increase is higher than the industry 2 percentage points; agriculture, education, medical instruments, vehicle, an increase of more than 20%; electronic, experimental analysis and other scientific instruments increases are close to 20%.
  产销增速回升的同时,行业主营活动利润增幅却并不高。对此,有专家分析认为,原因是多方面的。首先,人工成本上升快,管理、营业费用居高不下,导致行业的成本增幅高于产销增幅。其次,多数企业需求不旺,规模效益下降,高新产品产业化仅在少数企业见效。此外,20个子行业中有三分之一利润同比负增长或低增长,其中光学仪器、勘探地震仪器、气象海洋仪器均为两位数负增长;实验分析、供应用仪表等增幅仅为3%至7%.
Sales growth picked up at the same time, the industry's main activity is not high profit growth. This, expert analysis, the reason is many sided. First of all, labor cost rises quickly, the management, the high business cost, lead the industry cost and higher than the production rate. Secondly, the majority of enterprises demand not flourishing, scale benefit drops, high-tech products industrialization in only a few enterprises effective. In addition, there are 1/3 profit year-on-year negative growth or low growth of 20 sub industries, including optical instruments, seismic exploration instruments, meteorological oceanographic instruments are two digit growth; experimental analysis, supply meter, an increase of only 3% to 7%.
  当前,国内仪器仪表行业面临激烈的市场竞争,与国际先进水平之间的差距依然明显。据了解,整个行业的短板主要表现在两个方面。一方面,工业自动化领域的进步大多集中在流程工业用测控装备,而适用于离散工业用的传感器、控制器、伺服系统、管控软件等基础薄弱、发展缓慢,这将严重影响我国制造业自动化、数字化、智能化的发展。另一方面,科学仪器因为量小、技术难度大,而国外的产品技术和应用成熟度高,除个别品种外,国内的高档产品少有突破性进展。
At present, the instrumentation industry in China face the fierce market competition, between the gap with the international advanced level is still evident. It is understood, the entire industry short board is mainly manifested in two aspects. On the one hand, the field of industrial automation progress mostly concentrated in the process of industrial control equipment, which is suitable for discrete industrial sensor, controller, servo system, control software foundation is weak, the slow development of the development, it will seriously affect our manufacturing automation, digitization, intelligent. On the other hand, scientific instrument because of the amount of small, technical difficulty, and product technology and the use of foreign high maturity, except the individual variety, the domestic high-end products are less of a breakthrough.
  与很多制造业一样,产品质量不高,生产模式落后且效益低下是多数仪器仪表企业的通病。奚家成表示,随着两化融合方针的贯彻实施,上述情况开始发生变化,工业自动化和电工仪表行业的企业进步较快、成效初显。部分企业已设立信息化的机构和专职人员,且高薪聘请国外技术专家指导,而起步早、有基础的企业已着手结合现代生产模式推进生产过程信息化,并以此为核心建立企业信息化管理系统,实施按订单生产、可追溯生产,以提高内涵素质,应对新一轮竞争。对于全年的走势,业内有关专家预测,如出口无意外情况,行业全年的产销增幅将超过年初的预测值16%,达18%左右。
As with many manufacturing, product quality is not high, the production mode is backward and low efficiency is the most common problem instrument enterprises. Xi Jiacheng said, with two of the implementation of the integration policy, the situation began to change, industrial automation and electrical instrument industry progress faster, effectiveness research. Some enterprises have set up the information organization and staff, and hired foreign experts to guide, and started early, a foundation of the enterprise are combined with modern production mode to promote production process information, and on the establishment of the enterprise information management system core, according to production orders, the traceability production, to enhance the connotation of quality, to deal with the new a round of competition. For the annual trend, industry experts predict, such as exports not abroad, industry throughout the year sales will increase more than the beginning of the predictive value of 16%, up to 18%.
 
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